Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy

Code of Ethics for Research

Chapter 1 Overview

Article 1 Objectives

The Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy is an academic institution that aims to contribute to the development of research and the preservation of the marine environment by contributing to the research, development, dissemination and promotion of theoretical and practical technologies in the marine environmental science sector.

This code of ethics for research ("code of ethics" hereinafter) shall define the principles and standards related to research ethics with which all members of this society ("members" hereinafter) are required to comply in the process of fulfilling the role of the society specified above.

Members not only must sincerely comply with the research ethics when engaged in academic research and publishing research papers in order to recognize the value of research among each other and share the findings of such research, but also must fulfill their social responsibilities, enhance their status and reputation and contribute to the development of related technologies and industries.

Article 2 Basic spirit

(1) We recognize that we are responsible for using our knowledge and technologies in a manner that contributes to improvements in quality of life, social welfare and environmental protection.

(2) We are aware that the integrity, sincerity and accuracy of our research activities are essential to securing the reliability of our findings, and shall observe the following principles in all of our research activities.

(3) We shall maintain our integrity as professionals engaged in the creation of new knowledge and the development of new technologies to contribute to improvements in human welfare.

Chapter 2 Author's research ethics

Article 3 Plagiarism

An author shall not falsely represent any research or argument as his or her own. While previous research findings can be referenced, presenting any part of such research findings as if they were the findings of one's own research activities or argument is plagiarism.

Article 4 Publication achievements

(1) An author shall be responsible only for the research that he or she has performed or contributed, and such research shall be recognized as an achievement of the author.

(2) The order of author(s) credited for a research paper or other publication shall accurately reflect the degree of their respective contribution to the research, regardless of the authors' relative positions. It is not justified for a person to be credited as the primary author simply because he or she holds a superior position. Furthermore, any person who has contributed to the research or the published findings of such research must be listed as a co-author or co-researcher. Minor contributions to research or the findings of such research may be appreciated appropriately in a footnote, preface and/or acknowledgement.

Article 5 Dual publication of research findings

An author shall not publish or attempt to publish the findings of his or her previous research activities that have already been published (including research findings that are scheduled to be published or are under assessment) as if the findings are part of his or her new research activities. Any attempt to publish a new research paper using the findings of research activities that have previously been published shall be preceded by the provision of the information about such previous publication to the editor of the journal to verify whether such attempt is dual publication.

Article 6 Indication of citations or references

(1) When citing academic materials that have been published, the author shall strive to ensure that the citation is stated accurately and the source is clearly specified, unless what has been cited or referenced can be considered common or general knowledge. When evaluating a research paper or research plan, or when materials have been obtained through a personal contact, citation shall be allowed only after receiving consent from the researcher who has provided the information.

(2) Citations of or references to an article or idea of an other person shall be noted in a footnote (or endnote). Such indication shall be provided to make the reader aware which part of the research paper describes the findings of previous research and which part describes an original idea, argument or interpretation of the author.

Article 7 Modification of research paper

To the greatest extent possible, the author shall strive to accept the opinions of the editorial members and assessment members in the course of evaluation on the author's research paper. Where the author does not agree with such opinions, the author shall describe the grounds and reason for the disagreement and notify the editorial committee.

Chapter 3 Code of ethics for members of the editorial board

Article 8 Members of the editorial board shall take full responsibility for deciding whether to publish submitted research papers, and shall respect the author's individuality and independence as a scholar.

Article 9 Members of the editorial board shall evaluate the research paper submitted for the purpose of publishing in the journal in a fair manner based only on the quality of the research paper and submission regulations and without regard to the gender, age and organization of the author, as well as prejudice or personal relationship.

Article 10 Members of the editorial board shall outsource the evaluation of a research paper submitted to assessment members who have expertise in the applicable field and fair judgment capability. At the time of outsourcing the evaluation, any assessment member who is excessively in favor of or against the author shall be avoided to ensure objective evaluation. However, if there is a significant difference among the evaluation findings provided by the assessors on the same research paper, they may seek the advice of a third party expert in the applicable sector.

Article 11 Members of the editorial board shall not disclose any information about the author or contents of the research paper to anyone other than the assessors until a decision on whether to publish has been made.

Chapter 4 Research ethics for assessors

Article 12 An assessor shall sincerely evaluate the research paper assigned for assessment by the editorial committee within the period specified in the assessment regulations, and shall notify the editorial committee of the findings of his or her evaluation. If an assigned assessor judges him or herself to be an inappropriate assessor for the research paper, he or she shall notify the editorial committee immediately.

Article 13 The assessor shall evaluate the research paper in a fair and objective manner, regardless of his or her personal academic beliefs or personal relationship with the author. No research paper shall be rejected without providing sufficient grounds, and research papers shall not be rejected simply for conflicting with the perspective or interpretation of the assessor. No research paper will be evaluated without being read carefully.

Article 14 Assessors shall respect the individuality and independence of the author as a professional intellectual. The written assessment opinion shall provide the assessor's judgment on the research paper, highlighting parts of the paper that require supplementation and giving the reasons therefor in detail. Such opinions should be stated as politely and gently as possible; the use of expressions that may humiliate or insult the author shall be avoided.

Article 15 Assessors shall maintain confidentiality regarding the research paper subject to assessment. Unless the assessor seeks special advice for the evaluation of the research paper, it is not desirable to show the research paper to or discuss its contents with a third party. In addition, it shall be prohibited to cite any part of the research paper before the journal in which the research paper is posted has been published.

Supplementary Provisions

(1) These regulations shall become effective on November 1, 2007.

(2) (Effective date) This revision shall become effective on May 29, 2009.

(3) (Effective date) This revision shall become effective on December 31, 2012.



Guidelines for the implementation of research ethics


Article 1 Oath of code of ethics

New members of the Korean Society for Marine Environment and Energy shall swear an oath to comply with this code of ethics. Existing members shall be deemed as having taking an oath of compliance when this code of ethics becomes effective.

Article 2 Report of violations of the code of ethics

When a member becomes aware that another member is violating or has violated this code of ethics, he or she shall strive to correct the problem by remind the violating member of this code of ethics. However, if the problem is not corrected or a clear violation of this code of ethics is observed and identified, the member may report to the ethics committee of the Society. The ethics committee shall not disclose the identity of a member who reports a problem.

Article 3 Organization of the ethics committee

The ethics committee shall be comprised of at least 5 members, with committee members appointed by the chairman from among those recommended by the board of directors.

Article 4 Authority of the ethics committee

The ethics committee will investigate any case reported as a violation of the code of ethics in a comprehensive manner, with investigation spanning from the informant to investigatee, witness, testifier and evidence, and where it is judged that there has been a violation of the code of ethics, may recommend an appropriate penalty to the chairman.

Article 5 Investigation and assessment of ethics committee

A member who is reported as having violated this code of ethics shall cooperate fully with the ethics committee in any investigation. Non-cooperation with an investigation shall itself be deemed a violation of this code of ethics.

Article 6 Guarantee of opportunity for defense

A member who is reported as having violated this code of ethics shall be provided a sufficient opportunity to defend him or herself.

Article 7 Confidentiality of the investigatee

Until the final decision on a penalty for a violation of the code of ethics is made by the Society, members of the ethics committee shall not disclose the identity of any member subject to investigation.

Article 8 Procedures and details of penalty

Following a recommendation by the ethics committee to impose a penalty, the chairman shall convene a board of directors meeting and make the final decision on whether a penalty shall be imposed, and the details of such penalty. A member who is finally judged to have violated the code of ethics may be subject to a penalty of warning, suspension of membership or disqualification of membership. In addition, the details of such penalty may be reported to other institutions or individuals.

Article 9 Modification of the code of ethics

Any modification of the code of ethics shall be done in accordance with the procedures for the revision of the regulations for the Society. If this code of ethics is modified, any member who has taken an oath to comply with the existing regulations shall be deemed as agreeing to comply with the new regulations, without taking any additional oath.

Supplementary Provisions

(1) These guidelines shall become effective on May 29, 2009.